Parmigianino

(Francesco Mazzola; 1503-1540)
   Mannerist painter from Parma, where he had the opportunity to study the works of Correggio. In 1524 Parmigianino traveled to Rome, where he remained until 1527 when the city was sacked. From there, he fled to Bologna and by 1531 he was back in his hometown. His famed Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror (Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum) he painted in 1524 prior to his visit to Rome. The work is rendered on a convex wooden panel and mimics the distortions one would see in an image reflected in a convex mirror, recalling the optical experiments of Jan van Eyck and Petrus Christus. Parmigianino's Madonna with the Long Neck (1534-1540; Florence, Uffizi) he created for the Church of Santa Maria dei Servi in Parma. It shows his exposure to the works of Michelangelo and Raphael in Rome as the figures possess the same monumentality as those rendered by these masters. The Christ Child, asleep on his mother's lap, in fact depends on Michelangelo's Christ in his Vatican Pietà (1498/1499-1500) and the position of Mary's left foot is taken directly from Michelangelo's Libyan Sibyl on the Sistine ceiling, Vatican (1508-1512). The influence of Leonardo da Vinci is also felt in this work, particularly in the use of sfumato, though perhaps Parmigianino adopted this technique from studying the art of Correggio. The disparate proportions and ambiguities, including columns that lead to nowhere and angels who share one leg, mark this work as decidedly Mannerist. In 1535, Parmigianino painted Cupid Carving His Bow (Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum), a sensuous mythological work so admired by Peter Paul Rubens that he copied it. Parmigianino's Pallas Athena (c. 1539, Windsor Collection) is an example of his late phase. A bust portrait of the goddess of wisdom (Minerva), it shows her wearing an armor adorned with a cameo that depicts in grisaille a winged Victory with palm and olive branch in hand flying over the city of Athens, which she won in a contest with Poseidon (Neptune).
   Parmigianino is known for his graceful forms and complex iconographic programs that in some ways reflect his own complex personality. Upon his return to Parma, he received a commission to render frescoes in the Church of Santa Maria della Steccata. But instead of fulfilling the commission, he spent most of his time engaged in alchemy. Having breached his contract, he was imprisoned for almost a decade until he escaped. He died at 37, yet in spite of his short career, he became the most influential painter of the Mannerist movement.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Parmigianino — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Autorretrato ante el espejo (Kunsthistorisches Museum de Viena). Francesco Mazzola, más conocido como il Parmigianino («el pequeño parmesano») por su lugar de nacimiento (Parma, 11 de enero de 15 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Parmigianino — Parmigianīno (spr. midscha ), ital. Maler, s. Parmeggianino …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Parmigianino — (conocido también como Francesco Mazzola) (1503 1540). Pintor italiano, nacido en Parma. Se formó en su ciudad con sus tíos Pier Ilario Filippo y Michele Mazzola, modestos pintores de provincia, para continuarla en contacto directo con Correggio… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Parmigianino —   [ dʒa niːno], eigentlich Girolamo Francesco Mazzola, italienischer Maler und Radierer, * Parma 11. 1. 1503, ✝ Casalmaggiore (bei Parma) 28. 8. 1540; tätig in Parma, Rom (1523 27), Bologna (1527 31) und wieder Parma. Von Correggio beeinflusst,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Parmigianino — (izg. parmiđanȋno) (1503 1540) DEFINICIJA talijanski slikar i bakrorezac, predstavnik manirizma između visoke renesanse i baroka, utjecao na A. Medulića (Djevica s dugim vratom) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Parmigianino — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mazzola (homonymie). Autoportrait, 1524, Vienne, Kunsthisthorisches Museum Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola ou Mazzuoli dit il Parmigianino …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Parmigianino — Selbstporträt im konvexen Spiegel, 1524 Parmigianino (* 11. Januar 1503 in Parma; † 24. August 1540 in Casalmaggiore bei Parma; eigentlich Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola) war ein italienischer Maler und Radierer des Manierismus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Parmigianino — Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola (11 January 1503 24 August 1540), also known as Francesco Mazzola or more commonly as Parmigianino (a nickname meaning the little one from Parma ) or sometimes Parmigiano , was a prominent Italian Mannerist… …   Wikipedia

  • Parmigianino — orig. Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola born Jan. 11, 1503, Parma, Duchy of Milan died Aug. 24, 1540, Casalmaggiore, Cremona Italian painter and etcher. He painted some of his early frescoes for San Giovanni Evangelista; they were influenced by… …   Universalium

  • Parmigianino — or Parmigiano biographical name 1503 1540 Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzuoli or Mazzola Italian painter …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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